|Full name||Sachin Ramesh Tendulkar|
|Born||24 April 1973 |
Bombay (now Mumbai),Maharashtra, India
|Nickname||Little Master, Tendlya, The God of Cricket, Master Blaster, The Master, The Little Champion,|
|Height||5 ft 5 in (1.65 m)|
|Bowling style||Right-arm leg spin, off spin, medium pace|
|Test debut(cap 187)||15 November 1989 v Pakistan|
|Last Test||2 January 2011 v South Africa|
|ODI debut(cap 74)||18 December 1989 v Pakistan|
|Last ODI||2 April 2011 v Sri Lanka|
|ODI shirt no.||10|
|Domestic team information|
|2008–present||Mumbai Indians (Indian Premier League)|
|5 wickets ininnings||0||2||0||2|
|10 wickets in match||0||n/a||0||n/a|
|Source: CricketArchive, 3 April 2011|
Tendulkar is the first and the only player in Test Cricket history to score fifty centuries, and the first to score fifty centuries in all international cricket combined; he now has 99 centuries in international cricket.
On 17 October 2008, when he surpassed Brian Lara
's record for the most runs scored in Test cricket, he also became the first batsman to score 12,000, 13,000 and 14,000 runs in that form of the game,
having also been the third batsman and first Indian to pass 11,000 runs in Test cricket.
He was also the first player to score 10,000 runs in one-day internationals, and also the first player to cross every subsequent 1000-run mark that has been crossed in ODI cricket history. In the fourth Test of the Border-Gavaskar Trophy against Australia, Tendulkar surpassed Australia'sAllan Border
to become the player to cross the 50-run mark the most number of times in Test cricket history, and also the second ever player to score 11 Test centuries against Australia, tying with Sir Jack Hobbs
of England more than 70 years previously.
Tendulkar passed 30,000 runs in international cricket on 20 November 2009. He also holds the world record for playing highest number of Test
matches.Tendulkar has been honoured with the Padma Vibhushan
award, India's second highest civilian award, and theRajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna
award, India's highest sporting honour. Tendulkar became the first sportsperson and the first personality without an aviation background to be awarded the honorary rank of Group Captain
by the Indian Air Force
He has received honorary doctorates from Mysore University
and Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences
He won the 2010 Sir Garfield Sobers Trophy
for cricketer of the year at the ICC awards.
Tendulkar was born in Bombay (now Mumbai
). His mother Rajni worked in the insurance industry,
and his father Ramesh Tendulkar, aMarathi
novelist, named Tendulkar after his favourite music director, Sachin Dev Burman
. Tendulkar's elder brother Ajit encouraged him to play cricket. Tendulkar has two other siblings: a brother Nitin, and sister Savita.
Tendulkar attended Sharadashram Vidyamandir (High School),
where he began his cricketing career under the guidance of his coach and mentor, Ramakant Achrekar
. During his school days he attended the MRF Pace Foundation
to train as a fast bowler
, but Australian fast bowler Dennis Lillee
, who took a world record 355 Test wickets, was unimpressed, suggesting that Tendulkar focus on his batting instead.
When he was young, Tendulkar would practice for hours on end in the nets. If he became exhausted, Achrekar would put a one-rupee
coin on the top of the stumps
, and the bowler who dismissed Tendulkar would get the coin. If Tendulkar passed the whole session without getting dismissed, the coach would give him the coin. Tendulkar now considers the 13 coins he won then as some of his most prized possessions.
While at school, he developed a reputation as a child prodigy. He had become a common conversation point in Mumbai circles, where there were suggestions already that he would become one of the greats. His season in 1988 was extraordinary, with Tendulkar scoring a century in every innings he played. He was involved in an unbroken 664-run partnership
in a Lord Harris Shield inter-school game in 1988 with friend and team mate Vinod Kambli
, who would also go on to represent India. The destructive pair reduced one bowler to tears and made the rest of the opposition unwilling to continue the game. Tendulkar scored 326* in this innings and scored over a thousand runs in the tournament.
This was a record partnership in any form of cricket until 2006, when it was broken by two under-13 batsmen in a match held at Hyderabad
At 14, Tendulkar was a ball boy for the India versus Zimbabwe game at the Wankhede Stadium
during the 1987 World Cup
When he was 14, former Indian batsman Sunil Gavaskar
gave him a pair of his own ultra light pads. "It was the greatest source of encouragement for me," Tendulkar said nearly 20 years later after surpassing Gavaskar's world record of 34 Test centuries.
On 24 May 1995,
Sachin Tendulkar married Anjali, a paediatrician
and daughter of Gujarati industrialist Anand Mehta and British social worker Annabel Mehta. They have two children, Sara (born 12 October 1997), and Arjun (born 24 September 1999). Anjali is six years elder to him.
Tendulkar sponsors 200 underprivileged children every year through Apnalaya, a Mumbai-based NGO associated with his mother-in-law, Annabel Mehta. A request from Sachin on Twitter raised 1.025 crore (US$228,575)
through Sachin's crusade against cancer for the Crusade against Cancer foundation.
On 11 December 1988, aged just 15 years and 232 days, Tendulkar scored 100 not out in his debut first-class
match for Bombay
, making him the youngest Indian to score a century on first-class debut. He followed this by scoring a century in his first Deodhar and Duleep Trophy.
He was picked by the Mumbai captain Dilip Vengsarkar
after seeing him negotiate Kapil Dev
in the nets,
and finished the season as Bombay's highest run-scorer.
He also made an unbeaten century in the Irani Trophy
and was selected for the tour of Pakistan next year, after just one first class season.
In 1992, at the age of 19, Tendulkar became the first overseas born player to represent Yorkshire
Tendulkar played 16 first-class matches for the county and scored 1070 runs at an average of 46.52.
Raj Singh Dungarpur
is credited for the selection of Tendulkar for the 1989 Indian tour of Pakistan.
Tendulkar played his first Test match against Pakistan
in 1989 aged just 16. He made just 15 runs, being bowled by Waqar Younis
, who also made his debut in that match, but was noted for how he handled numerous blows to his body at the hands of the Pakistani pace attack.
In the final test in Sialkot, he was hit on the nose by a bouncer, but he declined medical assistance and continued to bat even as he gushed blood from it.
In a 20 over exhibition game in Peshawar, Tendulkar made 53 runs off 18 balls, including an over in which he scored 28 runs off Abdul Qadir
This was later called "one of the best innings I have seen" by the then Indian captain Kris Srikkanth
In all, he scored 215 runs at an average of 35.83 in the Test series, and was dismissed without scoring a run in the only One Day International
The series was followed by a tour of New Zealand in which he scored 117 runs at an average of 29.25 in, Tests including an innings of 88 in the Second Test.
He was dismissed without scoring in one of the two one-day games he played, and scored 36 in the other.
On his next tour, to England in 1990, he became the second youngest cricketer to score a Test century as he made 119* at Old Trafford
described his innings as "a disciplined display of immense maturity" and also wrote:
"He looked the embodiment of India's famous opener, Gavaskar, and indeed was wearing a pair of his pads. While he displayed a full repertoire of strokes in compiling his maiden Test hundred, most remarkable were his off-side shots from the back foot. Though only 5ft 5in tall, he was still able to control without difficulty short deliveries from the English paceman."
Tendulkar further enhanced his development during the 1991–1992 tour of Australia, that included an unbeaten 148 in Sydney
and a century on a fast, bouncing pitch at Perth. Merv Hughes
commented to Allan Border
at the time that "This little prick's going to get more runs than you, AB."
Tendulkar's performance through the years 1994–1999 coincided with his physical peak, in his early twenties. On the day of the Hindu festival Holi, Tendulkar was told to open the batting atAuckland
against New Zealand in 1994.
He went on to make 82 runs off 49 balls. He scored his first ODI century on 9 September 1994 against Australia in Sri Lanka
. It had taken him 79 ODIs to score a century.
Tendulkar's rise continued when he was the leading run scorer at the 1996 Cricket World Cup
, scoring two centuries.
He was the only Indian batsman to perform in the infamous semi-final against Sri Lanka. Tendulkar fell amid a batting collapse and the match referee awarded Sri Lanka the match after the crowd began rioting and throwing litter onto the field.
After the World Cup, in the same year against Pakistan at Sharjah
, Indian captain Mohammed Azharuddin
was going through a lean patch. Tendulkar and Navjot Singh Sidhu
both made centuries to set a record partnership for the second wicket. After getting out, Tendulkar found Azharuddin in two minds about whether he should bat. Tendulkar convinced Azharuddin to bat and Azharuddin subsequently unleashed 29 runs in mere 10 balls. It enabled India post a score in excess of 300 runs for the first time in an ODI. India went on to win that match.
This was the beginning of a period at the top of the batting world, culminating in the Australian tour of India in early 1998, with Tendulkar scoring three consecutive centuries. These were characterised by a premeditated plan to target Australian spinners Shane Warne
and Gavin Robertson
, to whom he regularly charged down the pitch to drive over the infield. This technique worked as India beat Australia. The test match success was followed by two scintillating knocks in Sharjah where he scored two consecutive centuries in a must-win game and then in finals against Australia tormenting Shane Warne once again. Following the series Warne ruefully joked that he was having nightmares about his Indian nemesis.
He also had a role with the ball in that series, including a five wicket haul in an ODI. Set 310 runs to win, Australia were cruising comfortably at 3 for 203 in the 31st over when Tendulkar turned the match for India taking wickets of Michael Bevan
, Darren Lehmann
, Tom Moody
and Damien Martyn
for just 32 runs in 10 overs.
Tendulkar single-handedly won the ICC 1998 quarterfinal at Dhaka
to pave way for India's entry into the semifinals, when he took four Australian wickets after scoring 141 runs in just 128 balls.
The inaugural Asian Test Championship
took place in February and March 1999. Held just twice, the 1999 championship
was contested by India, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. Eden Gardens
hosted the first match, in which Tendulkar was run out for nine after colliding with Pakistan bowler Shoaib Akhtar
. The crowd's reaction to the dismissal was to throw objects at Akhtar, and the players were taken off the field. The match resumed after Tendulkar and the president of the ICC appealed to the crowd, however further rioting meant that the match was finished in front of a crowd of just 200 people.
Tendulkar scored his 19th Test century in the second Test and the match resulted in a draw with Sri Lanka.
India did not progress to the final, which was won by Pakistan, and refused to participate the next time the championship was held to increasing political tensions between India and Pakistan.
A chronic back problem flared up when Pakistan toured India in 1999, with India losing the historic Test at Chepauk
despite a gritty century from Tendulkar himself. The worst was yet to come as Professor Ramesh Tendulkar, Tendulkar's father, died in the middle of the 1999 Cricket World Cup
. Tendulkar flew back to India to attend the final rituals of his father, missing the match against Zimbabwe
. However, he returned with a bang to the World cup scoring a century (unbeaten 140 off 101 balls) in his very next match against Kenya
in Bristol. He dedicated this century to his father.
Tendulkar's two tenures as captain of the Indian cricket team were not very successful. When Tendulkar took over as captain in 1996, it was with huge hopes and expectations. However, by 1997 the team was performing poorly. Azharuddin
was credited with saying "Nahin jeetega! Chote ki naseeb main jeet nahin hai!"
which translates into: "He won't win! It's not in the small one's destiny!".
Tendulkar, succeeding Azharuddin as captain for his second term, then led India on a tour of Australia, where the visitors were comprehensively beaten 3–0 by the newly crowned world champions.
Tendulkar, however, won the player of the tournament award as well as player of the match in one of the games. After another Test series defeat, this time by a 0–2 margin at home against South Africa, Tendulkar resigned, and Sourav Ganguly
took over as captain in 2000.
Tendulkar remains an integral part of the Indian team's strategic processes. He is often seen in discussion with the captain, at times actively involved in building strategies. Former captain Rahul Dravid
publicly acknowledged that Tendulkar had been suggesting moves such as the promotion of Irfan Pathan
up the batting order which, although only temporary, had an immediate effect on the team's fortunes. In 2007, Tendulkar was appointed vice-captain to captain Rahul Dravid.
During the Indian team's 2007 tour of England, Dravid's desire to resign from the captaincy became known. The BCCI President Sharad Pawar
personally offered the captaincy to Tendulkar.
However, Tendulkar asked Pawar not to appoint him captain, instead recommending Mahendra Singh Dhoni
to take over the reins.
Pawar later revealed this conversation, crediting Tendulkar for first forwarding the name of Dhoni, who since achieved much success as captain.
In the 2002 series in the West Indies, Tendulkar started well, scoring 79 in the first test, and 117 in the first innings of the second. Then, in a hitherto unprecedented sequence, he scored 0, 0, 8 and 0 in the next four innings, getting out to technical "defects" and uncharacteristically poor strokes. He returned to form in the last test scoring 41 and 86. However, India lost the series. This might have been the beginning of the "decline" phase in his career which lasted till 2006.
Tendulkar made 673 runs in 11 matches in the 2003 Cricket World Cup
, helping India reach the final. While Australia retained the trophy that they had won in 1999, Tendulkar was given the Man of the Tournament award.
He continued to score heavily in ODI cricket that year, with two hundreds in a tri series involving New Zealand and Australia.
The drawn series as India toured Australia in 2003/04 saw Tendulkar making his mark in the last Test of the series, with 241* in Sydney
, putting India in a virtually unbeatable position. He followed up the innings with an unbeaten 60 in the second innings of the test. Prior to this test match, he had had an unusually horrible run of form, failing in all six innings in the preceding three tests. It was no aberration that 2003 was his worst year in test cricket, with an average of 17.25 and just one fifty.
Tendulkar scored an unbeaten 194 against Pakistan at Multan
in the following series. India declared before Tendulkar reached 200; had he done so it would have been the fourth time he passed the landmark in Tests.
In meeting with the press that evening, Tendulkar stated that he was disappointed and that the declaration had taken him by surprise.
Many former cricketers commented that Dravid's declaration was in bad taste.
After India won the match, the captain Rahul Dravid stated that the matter was spoken internally and put to rest.
Tennis elbow then took its toll on Tendulkar, leaving him out of the side for most of the year, coming back only for the last two tests whenAustralia
toured India in 2004. He played a part in India's victory in Mumbai in that series with a fast 55, though Australia took the series 2–1.
In the test series in Pakistan in 2006, Sachin failed to get going in all three innings despite the pitches being flat tracks. In the third of those three innings, he was bowled comprehensively after making 26, and ended up on all fours. This prompted The Times of India to publish an article entitled "Endulkar" in which TOI opined that Tendulkar's batting prowess had declined and his career had slid permanently.
On 6 February 2006, he scored his 39th ODI hundred, in a match against Pakistan. He followed with a run-a-ball 42 in the second one-day international against Pakistan on 11 February 2006, and then a 95 in hostile, seaming conditions on 13 February 2006 in Lahore, which set up an Indian victory.
On 19 March 2006, after scoring an unconvincing 1 off 21 balls against England
in the first innings of the third Test in his home ground,Wankhede
, Tendulkar was booed off the ground by a section of the crowd,
the first time that he had ever faced such flak. Tendulkar was to end the three-Test series without a single half-century to his credit, and news of a shoulder operation raised more questions about his longevity. Tendulkar was operated upon for his injured shoulder. In July 2006, the Board of Control for Cricket in India
(BCCI) announced that Tendulkar had overcome his injury problem following a rehabilitation programme and was available for selection, and he was eventually selected for the next series.
Tendulkar's comeback came in the DLF cup in Malaysia
and he was the only Indian batsman to shine. In his comeback match, against West Indies on 14 September 2006, Tendulkar responded to his critics who believed that his career was inexorably sliding with his 40th ODI century. Though he scored 141*, West Indies won the rain-affected match by the D/L method
In the preparation for the 2007 Cricket World Cup
, Tendulkar was criticised by Greg Chappell
on his attitude.
As per the report, Chappell felt that Tendulkar would be more useful down the order, while the latter felt that he would be better off opening the innings, the role he had played for most of his career. Chappell also believed that Tendulkar's repeated failures were hurting the team's chances. In a rare show of emotion, Tendulkar hit out at the comments attributed to Chappell by pointing out that no coach has ever suggested his attitude towards cricket is incorrect. On 7 April 2007, the Board of Control for Cricket in India issued a notice to Tendulkar asking for an explanation for his comments made to the media.
During this period from about 2002 to 2006–7, Tendulkar's batting often seemed to be a shadow of its former self. He was inconsistent, and his big knocks mostly came in sedate, accumulative, uncharacteristic fashion. He seemed to have either cut out or lost the ability to play many shots, including the hook and pull and many other aerial strokes. He also developed a tendency to go without scoring much for long periods and become overtly defensive. While players such as Ponting and Kallis were at the peak of their careers, Sachin's seemed to be in terminal decline. There were several calls from him to retire too.
However after the 2007 World Cup, his career had a second wind and his consistency and form have returned.
In the subsequent series against Bangladesh, Tendulkar returned to his opening slot and was Man of the Series. He continued by scoring two consecutive scores of over 90 in the Future Cup against South Africa. He was the leading run scorer and was adjudged the Man of the Series.
On the second day of the Nottingham Test (28 July 2007) Tendulkar became the third cricketer to complete 11,000 Test runs.
In the subsequent One day series against England, Tendulkar was the leading run scorer from India
with an average of 53.42. In the ODI Series against Australia in October 2007 Tendulkar was the leading Indian run scorer with 278 runs.
Tendulkar was dismissed seven times in 2007 between 90 and 100, including three times at 99, leading some to suggest that he struggles to cope with nerves in this phase of his innings. Tendulkar has got out 23 times between 90 and 100 in his international career. On 8 November 2007 he got out on 99 against Pakistan in an ODI at Mohali
to the bowling of Umar Gul
caught byKamran Akmal
. In the fourth ODI, he got out on 97 (off 102 balls with 16 fours) after dragging a delivery from Umar Gul on to his stumps, falling short of another century in ODIs in 2007.
In the Border-Gavaskar Trophy, 2007–08
, Tendulkar showed exceptional form, becoming the leading run scorer with 493 runs in four Tests, despite consistently failing in the second innings. Sachin scored 62 runs in the first innings of the first Test at the MCG in Melbourne, but couldn't prevent a heavy 337-run win for Australia. In the controversial New Years Test at Sydney
, Tendulkar scored an unbeaten 154 as India lost the Test. This was his third century at the SCG, earning him an average of 221.33 at the ground. In the third Test at the WACA in Perth, Sachin was instrumental in India's first innings score of 330, scoring a well compiled 71, as India went on to record a historic triumph at the WACA. In the fourth Test at Adelaide, which ended in a draw, he scored 153 in the first innings, involving in a crucial 126 run stand with V.V.S. Laxman
for the fifth wicket to lead India to a score of 282 for 5 from 156 for 4. He secured the Player of the Match
In the One-Day International Commonwealth Bank Tri-Series involving Sri Lanka and Australia, Tendulkar became the first and only batsman to complete 16,000 runs in ODIs. He achieved this feat against Sri Lanka on 5 February 2008 at Brisbane. He started the CB series well notching up scores of 10, 35, 44 and 32, but could not convert the starts into bigger scores. His form dipped a bit in the middle of the tournament, but Tendulkar came back strongly in India's must-win game against Sri Lanka at Hobart, scoring 63 off 54 balls. He finished the series with a match winning 117 not out off 120 balls in the first final,
and 91 runs in the second final.
South Africa toured in March and April 2008
for a three-Test series. Tendulkar scored a five-ball duck in his only innings of the series;
he sustained a groin strain in the match and as a result was forced not only to miss the second and third Tests, but also the tri-series involving Bangladesh, the 2008 Asia Cup
, and the first half of the inaugural season of the IPL.
Before the three-Test series in Sri Lanka in mid-2008, Tendulkar needed just 177 runs to go past Brian Lara's record of 11,953 runs in test cricket. However, he failed in all six innings, scoring a total of just 95 runs. India lost 1–2.
In the following ODI series against Sri Lanka, Tendulkar was sidelined due to injury. However, during the following Australia tour of India, he returned to fitness and form, scoring 13 and 49 in the first test before making 88 in the first innings of the second test, thus breaking the record for most number of Test runs held by Brian Lara. He also reached the 12,000 run mark when he was on 61. He made a fifty in the third test and 109 in the fourth, as India won the series 2–0 and regained the Border-Gavaskar Trophy.
Tendulkar was again out due to injury from the first three ODIs of a 7-match ODI series at home against England, but he made 11 in the fourth ODI and 50 in the fifth, before the ODI series was called off due to the Mumbai terror attacks, the scoreline being 5–0 to India.
England returned for a 2-match test series in December 2008, and in the first test in Chennai, chasing 387 for victory, Tendulkar made 103 not out in a 163-run unbroken fifth wicket stand with Yuvraj Singh. This was his third century in a fourth match innings, and the first which resulted in a win. This was redemption for the Chennai Test of 1999 when chasing 271 against Pakistan, Sachin had made 136 with severe back pain and was out 17 runs short of the target, precipitating a collapse and a loss by 12 runs. He dedicated this century to the victims of the Mumbai terror attacks. Tendulkar failed in both innings in the second test, India won the series 1–0.
In early 2009, India revisited Sri Lanka for five ODIs, as the Pakistan series had been cancelled due to the security situation in Pakistan and the attacks in Mumbai. Tendulkar failed to reach double figures in any inning, before becoming injured.
India's next assignment was an away series against New Zealand, consisting of three Tests and five ODIs. In the ODI series, Tendulkar made a 163 not out in the third match, an innings ended by stomach cramps that forced him to retire hurt. India made 392 and won easily and won the series 3–1. Tendulkar made 160 in the first test, his 42nd Test century, and India won. He made 49 and 64 in the second test and 62 and 9 in the third, in which India were prevented from winning by rain on the last day. India won the series 1–0.
Tendulkar rested himself for the ODI tour of West Indies, but was back for the Compaq Cup (Tri Series) between India, SL and New Zealand in early September 2009. He made 46 and 27 in the league matches before notching up 138 in the final, as India made 319 and won by 46 runs. This was Tendulkar's 6th century in ODI finals and his third consecutive score of over 50 in such finals. India has won all six times that Tendulkar has made a hundred in an ODI final.
Tendulkar played just one innings in the ICC Champions trophy in South Africa, scoring 8 against Pakistan as India lost. The next match against Australia was washed out and he was out with food poisoning in the third match against the West Indies, as India were eliminated.
Australia returned for a seven-match ODI series in India in October, and Tendulkar made 14, 4, 32 and 40 in the first four games. In the fifth match, with the series tied at 2–2, Australia amassed 350/4 in 50 overs. Tendulkar made his 45th ODI hundred, a 175 off 141 balls. Just when it seemed that he would steer India to the large victory target, he paddle-scooped debutant bowler Clint McKay
straight to short fine leg, with India needing 19 from 18 balls with four wickets left. The Indian tail collapsed, and they lost by 3 runs, being all out for 347. During this match, Tendulkar also became the first player to reach 17,000 ODI runs, and achieved his personal best against Australia, as well as the third highest score in a defeat.
In the ODIs against Sri Lanka in 2009–10, Tendulkar scored 69, 43, 96 not out and 8, as India won 3–1.In the Test Series, he scored a 100 no out in the first test, which was drawn, and 40 in the second and 53 in the third test as India clinched innings victory in both tests. India won the series 2–0.
Sachin rested himself for the ODI tri series in Bangladesh in 2010. In the Tests against Bangladesh, he made 105 not out and 16 in the first test, and 143 in the second. India won 2–0.
In the 2-Test Series against South Africa
, Tendulkar made seven and 100 in the first test and 106 in the first innings of the second test. In the course of the second 100 (his 47th Test Hundred) he achieved several landmarks, in that he had scored four hundreds in his last four matches and that the hundred against South Africa in the first Test was the first at home against South Africa. The century was also his hundredth score over 50 in International Test cricket, moving him to 92 international hundreds (Tests and ODIs combined). In the subsequent ODI series, Tendulkar was run out in the first ODI for four runs, but made a strong comeback in the second match, scoring a brisk hundred off just 90 balls. This also took his tally of hundreds to 46 in ODIs and 93 in tests and ODIs combined. He finished the match on 200*, thus becoming the first batsman in the history of ODI cricket to score a double century, eclipsing Saeed Anwar
's 194 against India and Charles Coventry's
194* versus Bangladesh.
From February to April, Bangladesh, India, and Sri Lanka hosted the 2011 World Cup
. Amassing 482 runs at an average of 53.55 including two centuries, Tendulkar was India's lead run-scorer for the tournament; only Tillakaratne Dilshan
of Sri Lanka scored more runs in the 2011 tournament.
India defeated Sri Lanka in the final.
Shortly after the victory, Tendulkar commented that "Winning the World Cup is the proudest moment of my life. ... I couldn't control my tears of joy."
India were due to tour the West Indies in June, although Tendulkar chose not to participate. He returned to the squad in July for India's tour of England
In 2010 edition of Indian Premier League, Mumbai Indians reached the final of the tournament. Tendulkar made 618 runs in 14 innings during the tournament, breaking Shaun Marsh
's record of most runs in an IPL season. He was declared player of the tournament for his performance during the season. He also won Best Batsman and Best Captain awards at 2010 IPL Awards
In 2011 season, against Kochi Tuskers Kerala
, Tendulkar scored his maiden Twenty20
hundred. He scored 100* off 66 balls.He has made 1647 runs in 49 matches/innings in IPL
's four seasons,with an average of 40.17 so far and currently second highest run scorer only afterSuresh Raina
Sachin Tendulkar captained Mumbai Indians
in 4 league matches of second edition of the league.He scored 68 in the first match and 48 against Guyana.But Mumbai Indians
failed to qualify for semifinals after losing the initial two matches.Sachin himself scored 135 runs in 4 matches.
Tendulkar is cross-dominant
: He bats, bowls and throws with his right hand, but writes with his left hand.
He also practices left-handed throws at the nets on a regular basis. Cricinfo
columnist Sambit Bal has described him as the "most wholesome batsman of his time".
His batting is based on complete balance and poise while limiting unnecessary movements and flourishes. He appears to show little preference for the slow and low wickets which are typical in India, and has scored many centuries on the hard, bouncy pitches in South Africa and Australia.
He is known for his unique punch style of hitting the ball over square. He is also renowned for his picture-perfect straight drive, often completed with no follow-through. In 2008 Sunil Gavaskar
, in an article he wrote in the AFP
, remarked that "it is hard to imagine any player in the history of the game who combines classical technique with raw aggression like the little champion does".
Sir Donald Bradman
, considered by many as the greatest batsman of all time, considered Tendulkar to have a batting style similar to his. In his biography, it is stated that "Bradman
was most taken by Tendulkar's technique, compactness and shot production, and had asked his wife to have a look at Tendulkar
, having felt that Tendulkar played like him. Bradman's wife, Jessie, agreed that they did appear similar."
Former Australian cricket team coach John Buchanan
voiced his opinion that Tendulkar had become susceptible to the short ball early in his innings because of a lack of footwork.
Buchanan also believes Tendulkar has a weakness while playing left-arm pace.
He was affected by a series of injuries since 2004. Since then Tendulkar's batting has tended to be less attacking. Explaining this change in his batting style, he has acknowledged that he is batting differently due to that fact that, firstly, no batsman can bat the same way for the entire length of a long career and, secondly, he is a senior member of the team now and thus has more responsibility. During the early part of his career he was a more attacking batsman and frequently scored centuries at close to a run a ball. Ian Chappell
, former Australian player, remarked in 2007 that "Tendulkar now, is nothing like the player he was when he was a young bloke".
Tendulkar has incorporated several modern and unorthodox strokes into his repertoire in recent times, including the paddle sweep, the scoop over short fine leg and the slash to third man over the slips' heads, over the last seven or eight years. This has enabled him to remain scoring consistently in spite of the physical toll of injuries and a lean period in the mid-2000s. By his own admission, he does not bat as aggressively as he did in the 90s and early 2000s, because his body has undergone changes and cannot sustain aggressive shotmaking over a long period. He is often praised for his ability to adapt to the needs of his body and yet keep scoring consistently.
While Tendulkar is not a regular bowler, he can bowl medium pace
, leg spin
, and off spin
with equal ease. He often bowls when two batsmen of the opposite team have been batting together for a long period, as he can often be a useful partnership breaker. With his bowling, he has helped secure an Indian victory on more than one occasion.
He has taken 44 test match wickets and is the tenth highest wicket taker for India in ODIs.
In India's 2001 tour of South Africa in the second test match
and South Africa
at St George's Park
, Port Elizabeth
match referee Mike Denness
fined four Indian players for excessive appealing as well as the Indian captain Sourav Ganguly
for not controlling his team.
Tendulkar was given a suspended ban of one game by Mike Denness in light of alleged ball tampering
. Television cameras picked up images that suggested Tendulkar may have been involved in cleaning the seam of the cricket ball.
This can, under some conditions, amount to altering the condition of the ball. The match referee Mike Denness
found Sachin Tendulkar guilty of ball tampering charges and handed him a one Test match ban.
The incident escalated to include allegations of racism,
and led to Mike Denness being barred from entering the venue of the third test match. The ICC revoked the status of the match as a Test as the teams rejected the appointed referee.
The charges against Tendulkar and Sehwag's ban for excessive appealing triggered a massive backlash from the Indian public.
In commemorating Tendulkar's feat of equalling Don Bradman's
29 centuries in Test Cricket
, automotive giant Ferrari
invited Tendulkar to its paddock in Silverstone
on the eve of the British Grand Prix
on 23 July 2002, to receive a Ferrari 360 Modena
from the F1 world championMichael Schumacher
On 4 September 2002 India's then finance minister Jaswant Singh
wrote to Tendulkar telling him that the government will waive customs duty imposed on the car as a measure to applaud his feat.
However the rules at the time stated that the customs duty can be waived only when receiving an automobile as a prize and not as a gift. It is claimed that the proposals to change the law (Customs Act) was put forth in Financial Bill in February 2003 and amended was passed as a law in May 2003. Subsequently the Ferrari was allowed to be brought to India without payment of the customs duty (1.13 crore (US$251,990)
or 120% on the car value of 75 lakh (US$167,300)
When the move to waive customs duty became public in July 2003, political and social activists protested the waiver
and filed PIL
in the Delhi High Court
. With the controversy snowballing, Fiat India agreed to pay the import duty.
Tendulkar's entry into world cricket was very much hyped up by former Indian stars and those who had seen him play. Tendulkar's consistent performances earned him a fan following across the globe, including amongst Australian crowds, where Tendulkar has consistently scored centuries.
One of the most popular sayings by his fans is "Cricket is my religion and Sachin is my God". Cricinfo
mentions in his profile that "... Tendulkar remains, by a distance, the most worshipped cricketer in the world."
During the Australian tour of India in 1998 Matthew Hayden
said "I have seen God. He bats at no. 4 in India in Tests."
At home in Mumbai, Tendulkar's fan following is so great that he is unable to lead a normal life. Ian Chappell
has said that he would be unable to cope with the lifestyle Tendulkar was forced to lead, having to "wear a wig and go out and watch a movie only at night".
In an interview with Tim Sheridan, Tendulkar admitted that he sometimes went for quiet drives in the streets of Mumbai late at night when he would be able to enjoy some peace and silence.
Tendulkar has a presence in the popular social networking site twitter with the user name sachin_rt since May 2010.
Tendulkar's immense popularity has led him to be an early pioneer in India on cricket business dealings when he signed a record sports management deal with Worldtel
in 1995, the value of the deal being 30 crore (US$6.69 million)
over five years.
His next contract with WorldTel in 2001 was valued at 80 crore (US$17.84 million)
over five years.
In 2006, he signed a contract withSaatchi and Saatchi
's ICONIX values at 180 crore (US$40.14 million)
over three years.
In 2007, Tendulkar also announced a JV
with the Future Group and Manipal Group to launch healthcare and sports fitness products under the brand name 'S Drive and Sach'.
A series of comic books by Virgin Comics
is also due to be published featuring him as a superhero.
Sachin Tendulkar has been sponsored by several brands throughout his career including Boost
Action Shoes (1995–2000), MRF
(2001–07), Fiat Palio
(2002–05), ESPN Star Sports
G-Hanz (2005–07), Sanyo BPL
Ujala Techno Bright
He has also been a spokesperson for National Egg Coordination Committee (2003–05),
AIDS Awareness Campaign (2005)
and Luminous India (2010–present)
Sachin Tendulkar has been the subject of various books. The following is the listing of books focused on Tendulkar's career:
Sachin Tendulkar is the most prolific run scorer in one-day internationals with 18,111 runs. With a current aggregate of 14,692 Test runs, he surpassed Brian Lara
's previous record tally of 11,953 runs as the highest run scorer in test matches in the second Test of Australia
's 2008 tour of India
Tendulkar described "It is definitely the biggest achievement in 19 years of my career" on the day he achieved the record.
He also holds the record of highest number of centuries in both Test (51) and ODI cricket (48). Throughout his career, he has made a strong impact on Indian cricket and was, at one time, the foundation of most of the team's victories. In recognition with his impact on sport in a cricket-loving country like India, Tendulkar has been granted the Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna
, Padma Shri
and Padma Vibhushan
by the Government of India
. He was also chosen as one of the five Wisden Cricketers of the Year
in 1997 and is ranked by the Wisden 100
as the second best test batsman and ODI batsman of all time.
Tendulkar has also consistently done well in Cricket World Cups
. Tendulkar was the highest run scorer of the 2003 Cricket World Cup
and1996 Cricket World Cup
. After his century against England during group stages of 2011 Cricket World Cup
, he became the player to hit most number of centuries in Cricket World Cups
with six centuries and the first player to score 2000 runs in World Cup cricket.
Tendulkar has scored over 1000 runs in a calendar year in ODIs 7 times, and in 1998 he scored 1894 runs, easily the record for the highest number of runs scored by any player in a single calendar year for one day internationals. Tendulkar is also one of the very few players who are still playing in international cricket from the 1980s. On 24 February 2010, Tendulkar broke the previous world record for highest individual innings in an ODI, and became the first male cricketer to score a double-century in one-day cricket. He made 200 runs and broke the previous record of 194 runs, jointly held by Pakistan opener Saeed Anwar
and Zimbabwe's Charles Coventry
- Tendulkar was the only player of his generation, and the cricketer to have played for India, to be included in Bradman's Eleven.[nb 1]
- ICC Award-Sir Garfield Sobers trophy for cricketer of the year 2010
- Padma Vibhushan, India's second highest civilian award, 2008.
- ICC World ODI XI: 2004, 2007
- Rajiv Gandhi Awards – Sports: 2005
- Player of the tournament in 2003 Cricket World Cup
- Maharashtra Bhushan Award, Maharashtra State's highest Civilian Award in 2001
- Padma Shri, India's fourth highest civilian award, 1999
- Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna, India's highest honour given for achievement in sports, 1997–98.
- Wisden Cricketer of the Year: 1997
- Arjuna Award, by the Government of India in recognition of his outstanding achievement in sports, 1994.
- In October 2010 he was awarded for Outstanding Achievement in Sport and the Peoples Choice Award at The Asian Awards in London
- On 28 January 2011, he won the 'Castrol Indian Cricketer of the Year' award.
- 'BCCI Cricketer of the Year' award on 31 May 2011
- On 3 September 2010 he was made a Honorary Group captain by the Indian Air Force[169
Here’s the preview for the battle of the tournament so far- India vs Australia. In the recent past, the India vs Australia battles have upstaged rivalries such as the Ashes & the India-Pakistan with some of the best cricket played in ODI & Test match history. The teams are lining up once again today for a fierce encounter in today’s quarter final.
Australia: RT Ponting*, MJ Clarke, CJ Ferguson, BJ Haddin†, JW Hastings, DJ Hussey, MEK Hussey, MG Johnson, JJ Krejza, B Lee, TD Paine†, SPD Smith, SW Tait, SR Watson, CL White.
India: MS Dhoni*†, V Sehwag, R Ashwin, PP Chawla, G Gambhir, Harbhajan Singh, Z Khan, V Kohli, A Nehra, MM Patel, YK Pathan, SK Raina, S Sreesanth, SR Tendulkar, Yuvraj Singh.
Australia wins: 61
India wins: 35
No result: 8
Oz will have a slight psychological edge against India as they have traditionally dominated India. India have been resurgent in the last 15 years but Australia have maintained the dominance in the big matches. Many Indians fan would like to forget the India vs Australia World Cup final where Ricky Ponting & co. had taken away the match from India. But in recent form, India is a force to reckon with and has performed exceedingly well in all formats of the game. Australia are ranked number one on the ICC ODI ranking with 130 points while India is ranked second with 119 points as of March 19th.
Australia: Ricky Ponting
India: MS Dhoni
Ricky Ponting has been under immense pressure to perform on the field. His age seems to be catching up and he doesnt want to leave the crease until the umpire holds a mike and screams him OUT! Nothing is going right for the Oz captain now and he’s known to get VERY ANGRY (and make faces popularly known as the Ponting face) during a crunch situation.
On the other side, India’s captain cool is in a spot of bother too. Many cricket fans are questioning his strategy and cricket acumen. But Dhoni does not have to deal with criticism on his batting nor does he carry any bad luggage. This is his first world cup and he’ll be positive, fresh & naturally motivated.
Australia: Ponting, Clarke, Haddin, Hussey & Watson
India: Sachin, Sehwag, Yuvraj, Gambir & Kohli.
India have Sachin Tendulkar, Virender Sehwag & Yuvraj Singh who have dominated Australia in the past and continue to do so. These batsman are in great form, especially Sachin who’s already scored two hundreds in this world cup. However the worry for India is the fitness of Virender Sehwag and the batting collapse which mysteriously triggers after the end of a good partnership. It’s also time for Kohli, Yusuf Pathan,& Dhoni to come to the party. Especially Yusuf Pathan who’s been very hospitable to the bowlers to say the least.
Australia will rely on Ponting, Haddin, Mike Hussey, Watson & Clarke to delivery the goods today. Ponting has no other option but to perform so he may chose this occasion to perform. Having tasted success on the Indian pitches during the IPL, Watson will be a prize catch. Hussey can frustrated the Indian bowlers with his singles, twos & occasional boundaries. All looks good for Australia except the fact that they dont have a Sachin, Sehwag or a Yuvraj who can blast their way through the opposition. To be honest, they will upstage the Indian batting only if the Indian bowling performs badly. So, its hypothetical unlike the Indian batsman who can steamroll any bowling attack on their day even if the Australian bowlers have a decent outing.
Australia: Johnson, Krejza, Lee, Tait & Watson.
India: Ashwin, Harbhajan Singh, Z Khan & Patel.
The Motera pitch is reported to be flatter than a formula one circuit so any hope of getting bounce or spin is like a mirage. The flat batting track will leave the bowlers frustrated & angry so patience is the key. Between Lee & Zaheer, Zaheer has an edge as he has a rich experience of batting onslaughts on Indian pitches and will not panic! Lee does not have the venom and his pace is ideal for the likes of Sachin & Sehwag to whack the ball. And between Krejza & Harbhajan, the turbanator has an obvious edge. Now the bowlers to secretly track – Ashwin & Watson. Ashwin’s underexposure during this Cup will benefit him as he will be fresh while Watson is gritty & understands the conditions.
Myverdict is India. India has the X factor going for it with huge stakes, playing at home & Sachin’s last world cup. Australia on the other side will relax as its one of the rarest games where they will NOT be considered as favourites(which is not bad). At the end of the day, I believe its going to go India’s way.
Finally, would like to wish Sachin Tendulkar all the very best for today’s match.
What do you think? Let us know.
We received this letter on this website from “Amit Aggarwal”. But the same letter was sent to us by another user with the name “Karthigai Selvi S”. Hence, we cannot claim if it was written by either of them. Nevertheless, whosoever has written it, has poured his heart out and represented the emotions of millions of Sachin fans. Thank you, Anonymous.
I feel sad. Even after 22 years of playing for the country, you are still expected to win matches on your own. We forget that apart from you there are 10 more players in the team. You have been the run machine in World Cups with an average …of 60. Even today while you yet again proved your class with a 111 the others around took it easy. You chased the ball in the outfield and ensured that your throws landed on top of the bails. Others preferred to drop catches or go back to the dressing room for a ‘rest’ while a substitute fielder came in. Sachin, the current Indian cricket team doesn’t deserve you. They don’t know what it is like to give one’s blood and sweat for this nation of a billion people. For them fame and money has come to easy and undeserving – not commensurate to the ’supposed talent’ that they posses. Do you remember what you had said to Tom Alter in that interview in 1989? “I just want to play cricket”. Sachin, let me also not hide the truth – you are not my favorite cricketer – but one plays favorites only with humans – not with Gods for they are revered, emulated and looked at in awe… [We expect Sachin to win this cup for us. But what about the other players? Are they supposed to be playing ludo in the dressing room? I hope that the rest of the team wake up and realize that they are not there to 'play' in the tournament, they are supposed to 'win' it - not for themselves, not for India but for the greatest Indian to have lived - Sachin Tendulkar. P.S: In the 1992, Hero Cup semi-final in Eden Gardens Kolkata (India Vs. SA), SA needed 6 runs to win off the last over. Tendulkar snatched the ball from Azhar and bowled a magnificent over to win that match for us. (He gave away only 3 runs). Maybe our team needs to watch that over to know what guts and glory are all about.] Sachin, I hope we win the final in Wankhede. If we don’t a billion people can only hang their heads in shame and ask for your forgiveness.
One of your undying fans who:
1. Still goes crazy when you hit that straight drive and show us the manufacturer’s name on the bat.
2. Stayed awake late into the night before my end terms to watch that 100 in Sharjah in the midst of that sandstorm.
3. Relished every shot that you played to decimate Warne in 1998 and then Shoaib Akhtar in that 2003 World Cup against Pakistan.
4. Will stop watching cricket after you retire.”
Dubai, Feb 28 : In the latest Reliance ICC ODI Player Rankings, India’s hard hitter Virender Sehwag and batting maestro Sachin Tendulkar elevated in the lineup with 6th and 10th position respectively after their tons in the World Cup -2011.
The latest rankings were worked out after 11 matches of the WC where four players achieved career-best rankings.
The latest rankings after the stunning tied Group B match between India and England in Bengaluru, Australia’s Shane Watson, JP Duminy of South Africa, Netherlands’ Ryan Ten Doeschate and South Africa’s Dale Steyn have all achieved personal landmarks.
Watson, who scored 79 against Zimbabwe and 62 against New Zealand, has climbed four places to break into the top 10 for the first time in his career. Duminy’s contribution of 42 not out against the West Indies has lifted him two places to share 15th spot with captain Graeme Smith and West Indies’ Chris Gayle while Ten Doeschate’s 110-ball 119 against England has helped him vault 12 places to 20th position as Steyn has jumped four places to fourth position after his figures of 3-24 against the West Indies.
India’s Virender Sehwag in fifth (up by six places), Sachin Tendulkar in 10th (up by five places), England skipper Andrew Strauss in 13th (up by eight places), Tamim Iqbal in 23rd (up by three places), Misbah-ul-Haq in 32nd (up by 12 places), Younus Khan in 44th (up by four places) and Kevin O’Brien in 52nd (up by four places).
Batsmen losing ground are Virat Kohli in third (down by one place), Kumar Sangakkara in eighth (down by one place), Gautam Gambhir in 10th (down by one place), Jacques Kallis in 14th (down by six places), Gayle in 15th (down by five places), Ricky Ponting in 19th (down by six places), Jonathan Trott in 23rd (down by three places), Paul Collingwood in 25th (down by three places), Ramnaresh Sarwan in 34th (down by four places) and Shahid Afridi in 35th (down by five places).
South Africa’s duo of Hashim Amla and AB de Villiers maintain the top two positions in batting chart.
Indian pacer Zaheer Khan in 14th (up by nine places), Harbhajan Singh in 16th (up by four places), and Munaf Patel in 22nd (up by 11 places), ahead of Tim Bresnan in 30th (up by 11 places) and Shoaib Akhtar in 37th (up by seven places).
Sachin Tendulkar said 2011 World Cup triumph was the proudest moment of his life as India beat Sri Lanka by six wickets to capture the "ultimate" prize. "I couldn't have asked for more," said Tendulkar".
"Winning the World Cup is the ultimate thing. It is the proudest moment of my life. It shows it is never too late.
I thank my teammates who were fabulous. I could not really hold back my tears. These are happy tears so I don't mind crying."
Virat Kohli said the victory was a fitting tribute to Tendulkar. "This goes out to all the people of India. Tendulkar has carried the burden of the nation for 21 years. It was time we carried him."
Gautam Gambhir, who played a key role with the bat in making 97 off 122 balls, said the win was a gift to his great teammate Sachin Tendulkar from the entire squad. "All credit for this win should go to Tendulkar. We were all playing for him, this trophy is for him."
Little Tendulkar, on his part, thanked each of his team-mates and the support staff including polar explorer Mike Horn. I would like to thank the support staff especially Mike Horn who joined us at the start of the tournament and was there for our last couple of games" He worked on the mental side and has helped us deal with the expectations and pressure.
The team stuck together in the rough phases and proved people wrong who doubted our ability. Self-belief has been always there but in the last two years, we have been very consistent.
"It's been great honour to be part of this team. Thanks to (coach) Gary (Kirsten) and Paddy Upton (mental conditioning expert)." ( Source - CricBuzz)
"I couldn't have asked for anything more than this. Winning the World Cup is the proudest moment of my life. Thanks to my team-mates. Without them, nothing would have happened. I couldn't control my tears of joy."
Sachin Tendulkar, who's played six World Cups, on his best moment
"I took a quite few decisions tonight, if we hadn't won I would have been asked quite a few questions: Why no Ashwin, why Sreesanth, why no Yuvraj, why did I bat ahead?! That pushed me and motivated to do well"
MS Dhoni puts a light spin on his selection decisions ahead of India's title win.
"This is unbelievable. The Under-19 World Cup, then the World Twenty20 but this is the most special. For Sachin, for everyone else."
Yuvraj Singh, the Player of the Tournament, sums it up.
"Very proud of everyone, especially Mahela who rose up to the occasion and put up a great hundred. When you look at this Indian team anything less than 350 looks less! They deserved this title, the way they played in front of a great crowd."
Kumar Sangakkara, the Sri Lanka captain, is gracious in defeat.
"All credit goes to Sachin Tendulkar. We played for him. Beating Australia and Pakistan and now this, its a dream come true."
Gautam Gambhir, who gave India the upper hand in the final with his 97.
"It means the world to me. I have been part of the three World Cups. This is for the nation. Thank you very much, we love you. This cup is for the people. Love you India!"
Harbhajan Singh was among several Indian players who shed a tear following India's victory.
"This goes out to all the people of India. This is my first World Cup; I can't ask for more. Tendulkar has carried the burden of nation for 21 years; It was time we carried him. Chak de India!"
Virat Kohli leads the Tendulkar tributes.
Source - ESPNcricinfo staff
Coca-cola, a world-leading beverage firm, has announced Sachin Tendulkar as their new “Happiness Ambassador”. He was an ambassador for PepsiCo, an arch rival of Coke for which he has now signed three-year endorsement deal. As a brand ambassador he will be involved in strategic communication initiatives of Coke, including corporate, CSR and brand campaigns.
When made this announcement Wasim Basir, Director, Integrated Marketing Communication, Coca-Cola India, said"We are extremely pleased to have Sachin on board as the Company's 'Happiness Ambassador'. He will help us spread happiness through our actions and various initiatives,"
About this new venture, Sachin said "I am pleased to become a part of the Coca-Cola family... I look forward to a long and significant innings with the Company,"